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Self Harm Factsheet
WHAT IS SELF HARM AND HOW CAN YOU HELP YOURSELF OR SOMEONE ELSE WHO’ S HARMING THEMSELVES?
Here, Ruth has pulled together an informative factsheet about the difficult subject of self-harm, which she hopes you will find useful.
WHAT IS SELF HARM?
CALMING & COMFORTING
CREATING COMFORTABLE NUMBNESS
CONFIRMATION OF EXISTENCE
WHAT CAN HELP?
If you’re trying to help someone who is self harming, or if you’re harming yourself, getting an understanding of what’s behind the behaviour can help to begin recovery and form the basis of a harm management and reduction plan.
Listening to the person’s experience non judgementally is the keystone ,or, if you are harming yourself, being kind to yourself and not blaming yourself but accepting that you’re coping in the best way you know how is the starting point . There are also lots of helpful resources listed at the end of this factsheet.
These questions can help you begin to open up a dialogue or understand what’s happening for yourself:
How do you feel before you hurt yourself? How do you feel after you’ve hurt yourself?
What are the situations where you are most likely to want to hurt yourself? What else would be useful to understand about your self-harm?
SELF HARM MANAGEMENT PLAN
WHAT CAN HELP IN THE MOMENT?
If you feel like self harming, try to postpone doing it for 5 or 10 minutes, build the time up gradually if that feels like too much at first. People often self harm when their emotions are at a peak, so waiting even a little while allows the strong emotion to fade. During that time you could try some distractions. There are lots of suggestions here. and you could try some of the following techniques depending upon what the intent behind the urge to self harm is.
IF YOU' RE FEELING ANGRY TRY: EXERCISING, HITTING CUSHIONS, SHOUTING, TEARING SOMETHING UP
IF YOU' RE FEELING FRIGHTENED TRY: WRAPPING YOURSELF IN A BLANKET, SPENDING TIME IN NATURE OR WITH AN ANIMAL, LETTING YOURSELF CRY OR SLEEP, TELLING SOMEONE HOW YOU FEEL, BREATHING IN THEN BREATHING OUT SLOW, LONG BREATHS UNTIL YOU FEEL CALMER
IF YOU FEEL YOU WANT CONTROL TRY: WRITING LISTS, TIDYING UP/ DECLUTTERING, WRITING A LETTER EXPRESSING WHAT YOU'RE FEELING THEN TEARING IT UP, TIGHTLY CLENCHING THEN RELAXING ALL YOUR MUSCLES
IF YOU' RE FEELING NUMB AND DISCONNECTED TRY: FLICKING ELASTIC BANDS ON YOUR WRISTS, HOLDING ICE CUBES, SMELLING SOMETHING WITH A STRONG ODOUR, HAVING A VERY COLD SHOWER
IF YOU FEELING SELF HATRED OR SHAME TRY: WRITING A LETTER FROM THE PART OF YOU THAT FEELS THE SELF HATRED OR SHAME, THEN WRITE BACK WITH AS MUCH COMPASSION AND SELF ACCEPTANCE AS YOU CAN, REMIND YOURSELF THAT YOU'RE NOT 'BAD' THERE ARE REASONS YOU FEEL AS YOU DO, FIND CREATIVE WAYS TO EXPRESS YOUR SELF HATRED BY PAINTING, WRITING POEMS OR SONGS, DO PHYSICAL EXERCISE
SELF HELP RESOURCES
ONLINE FORUMS & HELPLINES
Self harm is most common in the under 25s and is generally a way of managing intense emotions and not carried out with suicidal intent, however in the over 60’s there is a higher likelihood of suicidal intent. If you have seriously harmed yourself or you’re helping someone who has, the quickest way to get help is to call 999 for an ambulance.